Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Note 1 - History and Basis of Presentation (Policies)

Note 1 - History and Basis of Presentation (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2013
Principles of Consolidation

Principles of Consolidation


The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Global Clean Energy Holdings, Inc., its subsidiaries, and the variable interest entities of GCE Mexico, and its Mexican subsidiaries (Asideros, Asideros 2 and Asideros 3). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Generally accepted accounting principles require that if an entity is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity (VIE), the entity should consolidate the assets, liabilities and results of operations of the VIE in its consolidated financial statements.  Global Clean Energy Holdings, Inc. considers itself to be the primary beneficiary of GCE Mexico, and it’s Mexican subsidiaries, and accordingly, has consolidated these entities since their formation beginning in April 2008, with the equity interests of the unaffiliated investors in GCE Mexico presented as Noncontrolling Interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.


In March 2013, the Company acquired 100% of all of the outstanding membership interests of Sustainable Oils, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company.  Accordingly, the consolidated financial statements for periods after that acquistion include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of that entity.

Accounting For Agricultural Operations

Accounting for Agricultural Operations


All costs incurred until the actual planting of the Jatropha Curcas plant are capitalized as plantation development costs, and are included in “Property and Equipment” on the balance sheet. Plantation development costs are being accumulated in the balance sheet during the development period and are accounted for in accordance with accounting standards for Agricultural Producers and Agricultural Cooperatives. The direct costs associated with each farm and the production of the Jatropha revenue streams have been deferred and accumulated as a noncurrent asset, “Deferred Growing Costs”, on the balance sheet. These costs will be recognized as a Cost of Good Sold in the period the revenue is recognized.  Other general costs without expected future benefits are expensed when incurred.

Income/loss Per Common Share

Income/Loss per Common Share


Income/Loss per share amounts are computed by dividing income or loss applicable to the common shareholders of the Company by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted income or loss per share amounts are computed assuming the issuance of common stock for potentially dilutive common stock equivalents.  The number of dilutive warrants and options is computed using the treasury stock method, whereby the dilutive effect is reduced by the number of treasury shares the Company could purchase with the proceeds from exercises of warrants and options.  As of September 30, 2013 and 2012, all convertible instruments were anti-dilutive.


The following instruments are currently antidilutive and have been excluded from the calculations of diluted income or loss per share at September 30, 2013 and 2012, as follows:





September 30, 2013

September 30, 2012




Convertible notes



Convertible preferred stock - Series B






Compensation-based stock options and warrants







Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition


Revenue is recognized when all of the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; the seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; collectability is reasonably assured; and title and the risks and rewards of ownership have transferred to the buyer. Value added taxes collected on revenue transactions are excluded from revenue and are included in accounts payable until remittance to the taxation authority.


Jatropha oil revenue - The Company’s primary source of revenue will be crude Jatropha oil.  Revenue will be recognized net of sales or value added taxes and upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Revenue is not recognized when there are significant uncertainties regarding recovery of the consideration due, associated costs or the possible return of goods.  For the three quarters ended September 30, 2013, the company had no significant Jatropha Oil Revenue.


Advisory services revenue -  The Company provides development and management services to other companies regarding their bio-fuels and/or feedstock-Jatropha development operations, on a fee for services basis.  The advisory services revenue is recognized upon completion of the work in accordance with the separate contract.


Agricultural subsidies income - the Company receives agricultural subsidies from the Mexican government.  Due to the uncertainty of these payments, the income is recognized when the payments are received.


Comprehensive Loss

Comprehensive Loss


Comprehensive loss is defined to include all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. Among other disclosures, ASC 220, Comprehensive income (loss) requires that all items that are required to be recognized under current accounting standards as components of comprehensive income be reported in a financial statement that is displayed with the same prominence as other financial statements. For the years presented, the Company’s comprehensive income (loss) includes net income (loss) and foreign currency translation adjustments and is presented in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.


On January 1, 2012, we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2011-05, an amendment to Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 220, Comprehensive Income. ASU 2011-05 introduces a new statement, the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, which begins with net loss and adds or deducts other recognized changes in assets and liabilities that are not included in net earnings, but are reported directly to equity, under U.S. GAAP. For example, unrealized changes in currency translation adjustments are included in the measure of comprehensive loss but are excluded from net loss. The amendments became effective since the first quarter 2012 financial statements. The amendments affect only the display of those components of equity categorized as other comprehensive loss and do not change existing recognition and measurement requirements that determine net loss.

Foreign Currency Translation

Foreign Currency Translation


In April 2008, the Company entered into a joint venture establishing a company in Mexico.  The functional currency is the Mexican Peso.  All transactions are translated into U.S. dollars for financial reporting purposes.  Balance Sheet accounts are translated at the end-of-period rates while income and expenses are translated at the average of the beginning and end of period rates.  The Mexico Peso Balance Sheet foreign currency exchange rate at September 30, 2013 was 13.14% and the income statement average beginning and ending rate was 12.90%. For the nine month period of September 30, 2013 and 2012, translation losses amounted to $148,135 and $1,064,067, respectively and are shown as a separate component of comprehensive income and stockholders’ equity as accumulated other comprehensive income and noncontrolling interest.