Jatropha Business Venture
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2012
|Jatropha Business Venture||
Note 3 Jatropha Business Venture
The Company entered into the bio-fuels business in 2007 by acquiring certain trade secrets, know-how, business plans, term sheets, business relationships, and other information relating to the cultivation and production of seed oil from the Jatropha plant for the production of bio-diesel, and by entering into certain employment agreements and property management agreements. Subsequent to entering into these transactions, the Company identified certain real property in Mexico it believed to be suitable for cultivating the Jatropha plant. During 2008, GCE Mexico acquired the land in Mexico for the cultivation of the Jatropha plant. In July 2009, the Company acquired TAL, which had developed a farm in Belize for cultivation of the Jatropha plant and provided technical advisory services for the propagation of the Jatropha plant. In March 2010, the Company formed Asideros 2, a Mexican corporation, which has acquired additional land in Mexico adjacent to the land acquired by Asideros.
Share Exchange Agreement
The Company entered into a share exchange agreement (the Global Agreement) pursuant to which the Company acquired all of the outstanding ownership interests in Global Clean Energy Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (Global), on September 7, 2007 from Mobius Risk Group, LLC (Mobius) and from Richard Palmer (Mr. Palmer). Mr. Palmer owned a 13.33% equity interest in Mobius and became the Companys new President and Chief Operating Officer in September 2007 and its Chief Executive Officer in December 2007.
Mobius Consulting Agreement
Concurrent with the execution of the Global Agreement, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with Mobius pursuant to which Mobius agreed to provide consulting services to the Company in connection with the Companys new Jatropha biofuel feedstock business. The Company engaged Mobius as a consultant to obtain Mobius experience and expertise in the feedstock/bio-diesel market to assist the Company and Mr. Palmer in developing this new line of operations for the Company. Mobius agreed to provide the following services to the Company: (i) manage and supervise a contemplated research and development program contracted by the Company and conducted by the University of Texas Pan American regarding the location, characterization, and optimal economic propagation of the Jatropha plant; and (ii) assist with the management and supervision of the planning, construction, and start-up of plant nurseries and seed production plantations in Mexico, the Caribbean or Central America.
Under the agreement, Mobius was required to supervise the hiring of certain staff to serve in management and operations roles of the Company, or to hire such persons to provide similar services to the Company as independent contractors. Mobius compensation for the services provided under the agreement was a monthly retainer of $45,000. The Company also reimbursed Mobius for reasonable business expenses incurred in connection with the services provided. The Company terminated the agreement in July 2008, with the termination to become effective August 2008. The Company had recorded liabilities to Mobius of $322,897 for accrued, but unpaid, compensation and costs as of December 31, 2011. However, $247,897 of these accrued fees were written off when a law suit was settled in October 2012, and the remaining balance of $75,000 was converted to a note payable to Mobius(See Note 7).
On October 15, 2007, the Company entered into a service agreement with Corporativo LODEMO S.A DE CV, a Mexican corporation (the LODEMO Group), to provide services related to the establishment, development, and day-to-day operations of the Companys Jatropha Business in Mexico. The Company had agreed to pay the LODEMO Group a fixed fee per year of $60 per hectare of land planted and maintained with minimum payments based on 10,000 hectares of developed land, to follow a planned planting schedule. The Agreement had a 20-year term but could be terminated or modified earlier by the Company under certain circumstances. In June 2009, the scope of work previously performed by LODEMO was reduced and modified based upon certain labor functions being provided internally by the Company and by Asideros, the Companys Mexican subsidiary, on a go-forward basis. This agreement was cancelled in 2009. As of December 31, 2012 and as of December 31, 2011, the Companys financial statements reflect that it owes the LODEMO Group $251,500 for accrued, but unpaid, compensation and cost. The Company disputes the total of these charges and is currently in discussions with LODEMO to resolve this liability. As of December 31, 2012 and 2011 LODEMO remains a major shareholder of the Company consisting of both Common Stock and Convertible Preferred Stock.
GCE Mexico I, LLC and Subsidiaries
GCE Mexico was organized primarily to facilitate the acquisition of the initial 5,000 acres of farm land (the Jatropha Farm) in the State of Yucatan in Mexico to be used primarily for the (i) cultivation of Jatropha curcas, (ii) the marketing and sale of the resulting fruit, seeds, or pre-processed crude Jatropha oil, whether as biodiesel, feedstock, biomass or otherwise, and (iii) the sale of carbon value, green fuel value, or renewable energy credit value (and other similar environmental attributes) derived from activities at the Jatropha Farm.
Under the LLC Agreement, the Company owns 50% of the issued and outstanding common membership units of GCE Mexico. The remaining 50% of the common membership units was issued to five of the Investors. The Company and the other owners of the common membership interest were not required to make capital contributions to GCE Mexico.
In addition, two of the Investors agreed to invest in GCE Mexico through the purchase of preferred membership units and through the funding of the purchase of land in Mexico. An aggregate of 1,000 preferred membership units were issued to these two Investors who each agreed to make capital contributions to GCE Mexico in installments and as required, fund the development and operations of the Jatropha Farm. In November 2012, one of the two investors transferred 100% of the interest to the other investor. The preferred members have made capital contributions of $5,620,435 and $5,031,410 during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and total contributions of $19,560,703 have been received by GCE Mexico from these Investors since the execution of the LLC Agreement. The LLC Agreement calls for additional contributions from the Investors, as requested by management and as required by the operation in 2011 and the following years. The Investor, currently holding 100% of the interest is entitled to earn a preferential 12% per annum cumulative compounded return on the cumulative balance of the preferred membership interest. The preferential return increased $2,055,904, and $1,454,934 during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and totals $4,963,582 since the execution of the LLC Agreement.
The net income or loss of the Mexican subsidiaries is allocated to its shareholders based on their respective equity ownership, which is 99% to GCE Mexico and 1% directly to the Company. GCE Mexico has no operations separate from its investments in the Mexican subsidiaries. According to the LLC Agreement of GCE Mexico, the net loss of GCE Mexico is allocated to its members according to their respective investment balances. Accordingly, since the common membership interest did not make a capital contribution, all of the losses have been allocated to the preferred membership interest. The noncontrolling interest presented in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets includes the carrying value of the preferred membership interests and of the common membership interests owned by the Investors, and excludes any common membership interest in GCE Mexico held by the Company.
Technology Alternatives, Limited
On October 29, 2008, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement with the shareholders of TAL, a company formed under the laws of Belize in Central America for 100% of the equity interests of TAL. TAL owns approximately 400 acres of land and has developed a Jatropha farm in stages over the last three years for the cultivation of the Jatropha plant. TAL developed a nursery capable of producing Jatropha seeds, seedlings and rooted cuttings. During 2009, TAL commenced selling seeds, principally to GCE Mexico.
In connection with the acquisition, certain payables to the former shareholders of TAL were renegotiated and converted into promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $516,139 Belize Dollars (US $268,036 based on exchange rates in effect at July 2, 2009). These notes payable to shareholders were interest free through September 30, 2009, and then bear interest at 8% per annum through the maturity date. The notes are secured by a mortgage on the land and related improvements. The notes, plus any related accrued interest, were due on August 15, 2012. The holders of these notes have not yet declared a formal default and have not taken any action to foreclose. The Company has received approval from the former shareholders to accept a firm offer to sell the land.
During 2010, the Company ceased the TAL operations. The assets are reported as Investment Held for Sale.