Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Disclosure Text Block [Abstract]  



The table below summarizes our notes payable and long-term debt at March 31, 2021 and at December 31, 2020:


    March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020
Notes Payable                
Senior credit facility   $ 185,141,188     $ 153,405,569  
Fixed payment obligation, net of discount     16,752,528       16,155,138  
Other notes - current     3,436,499       4,198,113  
Other notes - long-term     600,560       —    
      205,930,775       173,758,820  
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs     (10,715,113 )     (6,636,344 )
Subtotal     195,215,662       167,122,476  
Convertible Notes Payable                
Convertible note payable to executive officer     1,000,000       1,000,000  
Other convertible notes payable     413,500       697,000  
Subtotal     1,413,500       1,697,000  
Total   $ 196,629,161     $ 168,819,476  


Credit Facilities


On May 4, 2020, in order to fund the purchase of the Bakersfield Renewable Fuels, LLC, BKRF OCB, LLC, a subsidiary of the Company, entered into a senior secured credit agreement with a group of lenders (the “Senior Lenders”) pursuant to which the Senior Lenders agreed to provide a $300 million senior secured term loan facility to BKRF OCB (which was increased to $313.2 million in November 2020) to pay the costs of the retooling the Bakersfield Biorefinery. The senior loan bears interest at the rate of 12.5% per annum, payable quarterly, provided that the borrower may defer up to 2.5% interest to the extent it does not have sufficient cash to pay the interest, with such deferred interest being added to principal. The principal of the senior loans matures in November 2026, provided that BKRF OCB, LLC must offer to prepay the senior loans with any proceeds of such asset dispositions, borrowings other than permitted borrowings, proceeds from losses, and excess net cash flow. BKRF OCB, LLC may also prepay the senior loan in whole or in part with the payment of a prepayment premium. As additional consideration for the senior loans, the Senior Lenders are issued Class B Units in BKRF HCP, LLC, an indirect parent company of BKRF OCB, LLC, as the Company draws on the facility. As of March 31, 2021, 182.4 million Class B Units have either been issued or are issuable, and the aggregate fair value of such units on the date of their issuances totaled approximately $4.3 million which were recorded as debt issuance costs. The aggregate fair value of the earned units as of March 31, 2021 was approximately $7.2 million. The fair value of such units is remeasured at each new issuance and at each quarter end. It is expected that the fair value will increase as the Company continues to de-risk the project through ongoing retooling activities. The senior loans are secured by all the assets of BKRF OCB, LLC (including its membership interests in Bakersfield Renewable Fuels, LLC), all the outstanding membership interest in BKRF OCB, LLC, and all the assets of Bakersfield Renewable Fuels, LLC. The credit facility contains certain covenants. In March 2021, the Company and the lenders amended the credit agreements, thereby bringing the Company into compliance with the covenants as of the amendment date.


Effective March 26, 2021, the Company and its Senior Lenders entered into Amendment No. 3 to the Credit Agreement to, among other things, establish a contingency reserve account to fund the costs of the additional capabilities and equipment and to fund possible cost overruns at the Bakersfield Biorefinery. Concurrently, the Company and the mezzanine lenders entered into Consent No. 2 And Amendment No. 2 To Credit Agreement to amend the $65 million mezzanine credit facility. Under these two amendments we agreed to establish an additional cash reserve of at least $35 million, which cash reserve would be used at the direction of the agent for the lenders to fund project costs of the Bakersfield Biorefinery to the extent that such costs exceed the amounts available under the two credit agreements. Funds remaining in the additional reserve account after the completion of the Bakersfield Biorefinery will, with the approval of the lenders’ agent, be used to first make a $5 million principal payment on the senior loan, and any remaining funds will be returned to us. In order to fund the new $35 million contingency cash reserve, the two amendments to the credit agreements provide that we will raise no less than $35 million in a public or private financing transaction by July 31, 2021 and that we will deposit, by that date, at least $35 million into the new Bakersfield Biorefinery cash reserve account. As consideration for the amendments to the two credit agreements, we agreed to pay each senior and mezzanine lender an amendment and consent premium equal to 1.00% of the aggregate commitments and loans of such lender. The fee is payable in the same securities that we may issue in connection with raising the $35 million cash reserve. If we fund the $35 million cash reserve other than through a financing transaction, we will pay the 1% lenders’ premium in shares of our common stock or in cash.


On May 4, 2020, BKRF HCB, LLC, the indirect parent of BKRF OCB, LLC, entered into a credit agreement with a group of mezzanine lenders who agreed to provide a $65 million secured term loan facility to be used to pay the costs of repurposing and starting up the Bakersfield biorefinery. As of March 31, 2021, BKRF HCB, LLC has not drawn down on the credit facility. The mezzanine loans bear interest at the rate of 15.0% per annum on amounts borrowed, payable quarterly, provided that the borrower may defer up to 2.5% interest to the extent it does not have sufficient cash to pay the interest. Such deferred interest is added to principal. As additional consideration for the mezzanine loans, the mezzanine lenders will be issued Class C Units in BKRF HCP, LLC at such times as advances are made under the mezzanine loans. The mezzanine loans will be secured by all of the assets of BKRF HCP, LLC, including all of the outstanding membership interest in BKRF HCB, LLC. The mezzanine loans mature in November 2027.


Fixed Payment Obligation


As described in Note A, under “Fair Value Measurements and Fair Value of Financial Instruments”, the Company amended a derivative forward contract during the quarter ended March 31, 2020, with the counterparty. The amendment terminated the derivative forward contract and replaced it with a fixed payment obligation. Under the terms of the fixed payment obligation, the Company agreed to pay the counterparty a total of $23.1 million, which included a payment of $5.5 million in April 2020, and six equal installment payments in 2022 totaling $17.6 million. Under the subsequent revised terms of the fixed payment obligation in April 2020, the Company agreed to pay the counterparty a total of $24.8 million, which included a payment of $4.5 million in June 2020 (which was paid), and six equal monthly installment payments beginning in May 2022. For financial reporting purposes, the fixed payment obligation has been recorded at the present value of future payments, or $16.8 million, using a discount rate of 14.8%.


Other Notes Payable


Included in “other notes” as of March 31, 2021, in the above table, is a note, that is due upon demand related to the Company’s business activities prior to 2019, in the principal amount of $1.3 million and an interest rate of 18% per annum. Also, included in other notes above, is a note payable that was used to finance the Company’s insurance policies. Upon the acquisition of the Bakersfield Biorefinery in May 2020, the Company purchased numerous insurance contracts to cover its corporate, ownership and construction risks primarily to provide financial protection against various risks and to satisfy certain lender requirements. The Company paid 35% of the total premiums and financed the balance at 3.8% annual interest rate. The Company is obligated to make seventeen equal monthly payments totaling approximately $4.5 million beginning in July 2020. The insurance policies cover various periods from 12 to 60 months. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had eight payments remaining for a total of $2.1 million.


Convertible Note Payable to Executive Officer


On October 16, 2018, Richard Palmer, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and President, entered into a new employment agreement with the Company and concurrently agreed to defer $1 million of his accrued unpaid salary and bonus for two years. In order to evidence the deferral, the Company and Mr. Palmer entered into a $1 million convertible promissory note (the “Convertible Note”). The Convertible Note accrues simple interest on the outstanding principal balance of the note at the annual rate of five percent (5%) and became due and payable on October 15, 2020, its maturity date. Under its existing credit agreements, the Company is restricted from repaying Mr. Palmer’s loan and, accordingly, is currently in default under the Convertible Note. The Company accrued interest expense of $12,500 on this note in each quarter ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. As of the quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had recorded accrued interest payable of approximately $122,000 and $72,000 respectively. Under the Convertible Note, Mr. Palmer has the right, exercisable at any time until the Convertible Note is fully paid, to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal balance and accrued and unpaid interest into shares of the Company’s Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.154 per share.


Convertible Notes Payable


The Company has several notes that are convertible into shares of the Company or the Company’s subsidiaries at different prices: ranging from $0.30 per share into the parent company’s stock and up to $1.48 per share into a subsidiary’s common stock. These notes have passed their original maturity date and they continue to accrue interest at varying rates, from 8% to 10%. On March 26, 2021, we issued 1,586,786 shares of the Company’s common stock to the holder of a convertible promissory note upon the conversion of the entire outstanding balance, principal and accrued interest, for that note. On a combined basis, as of March 31, 2021 the principal amount of these remaining outstanding notes was approximately $0.4 million.


The following table summarizes the minimum required payments of notes payable and long-term debt as of March 31, 2021:


Year   Required Minimum Payments
  2021     $ 3,849,999  
  2022       21,250,000  
  2023       —    
  2024       —    
  2025       —    
  Thereafter       185,741,748  
  Total     $ 210,841,747  


Class B Units of Subsidiary Issued to Lenders


As described above, during the year ended December 31, 2020 and through March 31, 2021, the Company issued or had issuable 184.2 million Class B Units of its subsidiary, BKRF HCB, LLC, to its Senior Lenders. To the extent that there is distributable cash, the Company is obligated to make certain distribution payments to holders of Class B Units, and after the distributions reach a certain limit the units will no longer require further distributions and will be considered fully redeemed. The Class B unit holders may receive a portion of the distributable cash, as defined under the Credit Agreement, available to BKRF HCB, LLC, but generally only up to 25% of the available cash after the required interest and principal payments, operating expenses and ongoing capital requirements have been paid. Such payments may commence once the Bakersfield Biorefinery begins operations and will continue through the later of five years after operations of the refinery begins or until the cumulative distributions reach a certain threshold defined in the operating agreement of BKRF HCB, LLC. The Company has estimated the aggregate amount of distributions to the Class B Unit holders (upon the total amount under the credit facility to be drawn) may range from $13 million to as much as $171 million, provided that the aggregate total payments (including distributions to the Class B Units, all interest and principal payments) to the Senior Lenders cannot exceed two times the amount of the borrowings under the Credit Agreement, or approximately $626 million. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has valued the liability based on the estimated fair value for the Class B Unit distributions at approximately $7.2 million. The fair value is largely based on the present value of the expected distributions that will be made to the Class B Unit holders, which consider various risk factors, including a market risk premium, project size, the uniqueness and age of the refinery, the volatility of the feedstock and refinery inputs, operational costs, environmental costs and compliance, effective tax rates, illiquidity of the units, etc. As completion of retrofitting the refinery progresses, the fair value is expected to increase, and further increases in fair value are expected when the refinery becomes operational and begins generating revenues. For accounting purposes, these Class B Units are considered to be mandatorily redeemable and have been classified as liabilities in the accompanying March 31, 2021 balance sheet and are remeasured at fair value at the end of each reporting period.