Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

History and Basis of Presentation

History and Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2012
History and Basis of Presentation [Abstract]  
History and Basis of Presentation

Note 1 – History and Basis of Presentation




The company was originally incorporated under the laws of the State of Utah on November 20, 1991. Until 2007, the Company was a developmental-stage bio-pharmaceutical company engaged in the research, validation, and development of two drug candidates. In 2007, the Company decided to change its business and focus its efforts and resources on the emerging alternative energy fuels market. Accordingly, on September 7, 2007, we acquired certain trade secrets, know-how, business plans and relationships relevant to the cultivation and production of Jatropha. In 2008 we changed our name to “Global Clean Energy Holdings, Inc.” to reflect our energy agricultural business. In November 2009, we sold our remaining legacy bio-pharmaceutical assets to Curadis Gmbh.


On July 19, 2010, the reincorporation of the company from a Utah corporation to a Delaware corporation was completed, as approved by shareholders. In the reincorporation, each outstanding share of the company’s common stock was automatically converted into one share of common stock of the surviving Delaware corporation. In addition, the par value of the Company’s capital stock changed from no par per share to $0.001 per share. The effects of the change in par value have been reflected retroactively in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for all periods presented. The effect of retroactively applying the par value of $0.001 per share resulted in reclassification of $17,409,660 of common stock and $1,290,722 of preferred stock as of December 31, 2008 to additional paid-in capital. The reincorporation did not result in any change in the company’s name, ticker symbol, CUSIP number, business, assets or operations. The management and Board of Directors of the company remained the same.



Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Global Clean Energy Holdings, Inc., its subsidiaries, and the variable interest entities of GCE Mexico, and its Mexican subsidiaries (Asideros, Asideros 2 and Asideros 3). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Generally accepted accounting principles require that if an entity is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity (VIE), the entity should consolidate the assets, liabilities and results of operations of the VIE in its consolidated financial statements.  Global Clean Energy Holdings, Inc. considers itself to be the primary beneficiary of GCE Mexico, and it’s Mexican subsidiaries, and accordingly, has consolidated these entities since their formation beginning in April 2008, with the equity interests of the unaffiliated investors in GCE Mexico presented as Noncontrolling Interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. 


Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments and disclosures necessary for a fair presentation of these financial statements have been included and are of normal, recurring nature.  These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012, may not be indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012.





Accounting for Agricultural Operations


All costs incurred until the actual planting of the Jatropha Curcas plant are capitalized as plantation development costs, and are included in “Property and Equipment” on the balance sheet. Plantation development costs are being accumulated in the balance sheet during the development period and will be accounted for in accordance with accounting standards for Agricultural Producers and Agricultural Cooperatives. The direct costs associated with each farm and the production of the Jatropha revenue streams have been deferred and accumulated as a noncurrent asset, “Deferred Growing Costs”, on the balance sheet. Other general costs without expected future benefits are expensed when incurred.


Revenue Recognition


Revenue is recognized when all of the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; the seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; collectability is reasonably assured; and title and the risks and rewards of ownership have transferred to the buyer. Value added taxes collected on revenue transactions are excluded from revenue and are included in accounts payable until remittance to the taxation authority.


Jatropha oil revenue - The Company’s primary source of revenue will be crude Jatropha oil.  Revenue will be recognized net of sales or value added taxes and upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Revenue is not recognized when there are significant uncertainties regarding recovery of the consideration due, associated costs or the possible return of goods.


Advisory services revenue -  The Company provides development and management services to other companies regarding their bio-fuels and/or feedstock-Jatropha development operations, on a fee for services basis.  The advisory services revenue is recognized upon completion of the work in accordance with the separate contract.


Agricultural subsidies revenue - the Company receives agricultural subsidies from the Mexican government.  Due to the uncertainty of these payments, the revenue is recognized when the payments are received.


New Accounting Guidelines

In June 2011, the FASB issued authoritative guidance requiring entities to report components of other comprehensive income in either a single continuous statement or in two separate, but consecutive statements of net income and other comprehensive income. The company has included on its financial statements  comprehensive income with this quarter ended March 31, 2012.